Research News | Duke Kunshan University

Research News

Recent research highlights from Duke Kunshan University’s centers and programs, plus a few other places. Use the filter to narrow your search.

The impact of marital status on job hunters in the Chinese labor market

It is often assumed that being married has a negative impact on the labor market outcomes of females but a positive impact for males. Writing in the B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, behavioral economist Gergely Horvath examines the impact of marital status on job finding in China. His research team sent fictitious resumes in answer to job advertisements on an online job board, focusing on financial and accounting jobs, and measured the callback rate. The team then varied the gender and marital status on otherwise identical resumes. Their findings showed that, for the Chinese labor market, marital status has no significant effect on finding a job for either gender.

A fair shake for the fair-weather fan

Sports fandom can be divided into three categories: partisans who are loyal fans of a particular team, purists who are fans that don’t have team preference and simply enjoy the game, and fair-weather fans who only care for the team that is doing well now. The fair-weather fans are usually viewed with dismissal and (sometimes) derision. Writing in the Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, philosophy professor Kyle Fruh and colleagues show that fair-weather fans have important advantages over partisans and purists, and as such are in a better position to navigate some of the moral complexities inherent in modern sports.

Evidentialism in the polarized political environment

As partisans continue to be hostile to other political groups, affective polarization grows. Such polarization may spill over from the political sphere into social identity. In a chapter for "The Routledge Handbook of Political Epistemology," philosophy professor Emily McWilliams focuses on how individuals form and hold political beliefs in a polarized political environment. She argues that the affective polarization is closely linked to evidentialism.

A deeper read into integrated digital humanities

Writing in the International Journal of Digital Humanities, art historian and visual studies scholar Jung Choi provides a more extensive and sustainable approach to practicing digital humanities by incorporating arts that bring imaginative and creative experiential encounters and, further, suggest a mode of deep reading. More specifically, the study shows how augmented reality can be used as an alternative research interface in digital humanities, providing phenomenological and embodied experiences for users by encouraging them to physically experience heritage sites equipped with historically and critically informed virtual information.

Offering more to living kidney donors without offering compensation

In a study published in Medicine Health Care and Philosophy, philosophy professor Kyle Fruh and student Ege Duman '22 argue that some benefit packages offered to kidney donors can defensibly surpass conventional reimbursement while stopping short of controversial cash payouts, and thus may be a morally promising avenue for increasing rates of kidney donation to address the tragic results of undersupply. Read more

The Nash equilibrium in consumption of positional goods

Individuals deeply care about their relative position compared to others and often signal their status through the consumption of visible “luxury” goods. While most of the previous literature assumes that people compare themselves to everyone else in the group they belong to, an article in the European Economic Review by behavioral economist Gergely Horvath and colleagues consider the role of social networks in the competition for status. In this setting, individuals compare themselves to their neighbors in the network and the structure of connections determines who spends how much on luxury goods. The results from a laboratory experiment show that more central individuals in the network will consume more luxury goods, consistently with game-theoretical predictions assuming fully rational individuals. The article also explains how boundedly rational experimental participants are able to learn the rational actions when they make decisions repeatedly.

Data science student publishes study on polymer nanocomposite

Data science undergraduate Eric Qu '23 has been engaged in a project looking at the properties of polymer nanocomposite, the results of which were published in the American chemistry society journal Macromolecule. Polymer nanocomposites are organic materials given additional properties, such as greater strength or resistance to corrosion, by adding inorganic nanoparticles. Shedding light on the properties of these hybrid materials could allow for these special qualities to be enhanced. Read more

Study reveals worrying implications of warming Western Antarctic Peninsula waters

Warming water and receding sea ice in the Western Antarctic Peninsula is changing the plankton community there with potential consequences for climate change, according to research led by Yajuan Lin, assistant professor of biochemistry. Published in Nature Communications, the study found water temperature and sea-ice cover to be the dominant factors affecting the makeup of microscopic sea life in the region, which had declined in species richness and evenness, with those changes leading to less ocean absorption of carbon dioxide, the gas associated with global warming. Read more

China's global ecological civilization and multilevel environmental governance

In edited book Towards a New Multilateralism: Cultural Divergence and Political Convergence?, scholar of environmental policy Coraline Goron explores whether China's ecological civilization construction can serve as a new model. She finds that the effectiveness of ecological civilization building is related to the interpretation of its meaning and practical operation, and that ambiguity may lead to compromised outcomes.

Climate Change Driven Displacement and Justice: The Role of Reparations

On how to confront the phenomenon of climate change driven displacement, arguments seem to converge on a similar range of policy remedies: expansion of the 1951 Refugee Convention to include ecological refugees. Curiously, this convergence is observable even across the distinction of interest for this paper: reparations and no reparations. Philospher Kyle Fruh argues that non-reparative arguments that seek to address climate change driven displacement have several shortcomings, such that climate justice should be understood to include an indispensable role for reparations.

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